on August 30th, the Wine Cooperative of the Orvieto community (CO.VI.O) was founded. It is one of the oldest wine cooperatives of central Italy. The winery, which was born with the articles of incorporation signed by the Farmer’s Association together with 13 wine producers, was initially set up in lower Orvieto, on May 1st Avenue, and was to be expanded several times over the years that followed.
On August 7th, the DOC of Orvieto white wine was recognized by a decree issued by the president of the Italian Republic. During the same year, the production regulations of this wine were determined, which were subsequently subject to some modifications. Currently the typologies of the Orvieto DOC include: dry, semi-dry, slightly sweet, sweet, and late harvest.
Following the sudden boost in local viticulture, it became necessary to expand the winery and to build a new warehouse.
The first bottles produced with the Cardeto brand were made possible by a mobile bottling unit.
Construction and implementation of a new cellar for the production and storage of wines.
The cooperative gets its first small bottling line.
“Rosso Orvietano” (“Orvieto Red”) is given its DOCG. These red wines, with particularly excellent organoleptic characteristics, have been produced on the lands surrounding the cliff since medieval times, especially on the properties belonging to the powerful Della Greca family. We dedicated one of our top wines, our “Nero della Greca” to them. It is made from sangiovese grapes and is aged in French oak barriques for 14 months. This wine is always rated one of the best in international competitions and has won acclaim in journalist Luca Maroni’s annual wine review as being the third best red wine from Italy.
With the final expansion of the member group, a bottling room, storage rooms, and barrique cellar were built, altogether spreading out over 12,000 sq. meters. Manned by four employees, the production line can produce up to 6,000 bottles per hour. The plant uses the best new technologies offered today, thus ensuring the highest standards of quality to consumers.
The cooperative becomes known as “Cantina Cardeto”, taking its new name from the place where it is located. The name “Cardeto” originates from hemp carding which was done in the area long ago. The hemp was cultivated in the “Canepuli”, which were fertile irrigated flatlands near the Paglia River.
A simplification of the production regulations puts more emphasis on grechetto and trebbiano, which can be combined with various varietals as determined by each winery in order to best take advantage of their “terroir” in order to give individual character to their wines. The new regulations also introduce a limit on the production of grapes, which were not to exceed 11 tons per hectare. The production zone of “Orvieto DOC” is subdivided into “Orvieto Classico”, and “Orvieto”.
Today, Cardeto has 150 members who cultivate 820 hectares of vineyards and provide an average of 80-90 thousand quintals of grapes. Cardeto has always followed the objective of reducing the sale of the wine of Orvieto in bulk form, in order to improve the wine’s image and to contribute to the region’s economy. The strength of the Cardeto Winery is embodied in its new “pay-off”: “Vigneti Gente Sapori” (Vineyards People Flavors), which shows the connection between the land, its products, and the people who cultivate it. With this in mind, Cardeto has already opened WINE BARS in Orvieto, Terni, and Rome, and will soon open others in cities across Italy. Not only wine, but also olive oil, and very soon many other products from our land will be offered. Cardeto wines are currently exported to Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, China, Brazil, Japan, Canada, Thailand, France, Poland, Malta, Holland, Ireland, and the United States.